Asavari Ragini, the Fourth Wife of Sri Raga, Folio from a Ragamala (Garland of Melodies)
India, Sub-Imperial Mughal, circa 1625
Opaque watercolor and gold on paper; marbled paper inner border
Ragamalas are a series of medieval paintings that personify specific ragas (melodic modes) in Indian classical music. The ragas are personified, as are their wives, ragini, as humans in various states of human being, such as kings, princes, nobleman and even ascetics such as this one of Asavari Ragini, the wife of Sri Raga. This particular ragini is meant to be performed in the morning.